The Africa Liberal Network offers assistance to member parties in a number of supportive activities and services:
The ALN assists member parties during elections with election observation, campaign strategy support from our network of international experts and the sharing of resources to assist with free and fair elections in African countries.
The ALN provides assistance with the development and drafting of policies based on Liberal Democratic principles
Party Capacity Development
Through workshops and skills exchange visits, the ALN builds the capacity of member parties to deal with issues such as internal party organisation, policy development processes, fundraising, communication strategies and women and youth mainstreaming.
Advocacy and Lobbying
The ALN leverages its international network to lobby governments, the international community and other interest groups on issues affecting our member parties such as opposition freedom and election rigging
Want to join the ALN?
Contact the ALN Secretariat
Already a member?
Union Constitutionnelle – Morocco
The Union Constitutionnelle (UC) was formed in December 1982 by Maati Bouabid.
In the last parliamentary elections in September 2002 the UC came 7th with 16 out of the 325 seats.
158 Avenue Des F.A.R.
Tel: +212 22 44 11 43/44/45
Fax: +212 22 44 11 41
Mouvement Populaire – Morocco
With its origins in the struggle for national liberation, the Mouvement Populaire (MP) was the first political party to be created following Moroccan independence. It was founded to restore multiparty democracy while defending the constitutional monarchy and promoting respect for civil liberties.
The vision of the party’s dedicated activists enabled the MP to rapidly gain a mass following across Morocco, particularly in rural areas, and to benefit from the sympathy and support of the government, which feared domination by the Istiqlal Party.
During the last legislative elections in September 2007, the Mouvement Populaire won 41 out of the 325 seats in the Assembly of Representatives, placing it third overall. The party also holds 56 of the 270 seats in the Assembly of Councillors.
66 Rue Patrice Lumumba
Tel: +212 37 76 64 31
Fax: +212 37 76 75 37 or +212 37 75 76 37
Email: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
Mouvement Pour La Renaissance du Niger – Niger
l’Alliance pour la Democratie et la Federation – Rassemblement Democratique Africain – Burkina Faso
The Rassemblement Democratique Africain (RDA) was created in 1947. It then merged with l’Alliance pour la Democratie et la Federation (ADF) in 1998 in order to combine forces.
The first president of the new alliance was Hermann Yameogo who was then succeeded by Maitre Gilbert Noel Ouedraogo in 2003. ADF-RDA is the second political force in Burkina Faso and the first opposition party. It has 14 out of 111 parliamentary seats (May 2007 parliamentary elections) and 2 Ministers in Government for both Transport and education.
The party stands for pluralism, equality, justice and liberty for all. It firmly supports the principle of freedom of expression, calls for tolerance and the rule of law, condemns human rights abuses and supports liberal economic views. It stipulates that education, employment and individual enterprise constitute the pillars of economic development.
Alliance pour la Démocratie et la Fédération-Rassemblement Démocratique Africain
01 BP 1991, Ouagadougou 01,
Tel: +226. 50.30.52.00
| Fax: +188.8.131.52.54
Union pour le Progrès et Changement – Burkina Faso
Mr. Zephrin Diabre
Rewmi – Senegal
Sicap Sacré-Cœur Pyrotechnie, Dakar, Sénégal
Dr. Yankhoba Seydi
Tel: +221 77 6575939/701040158
Rassemblement National des Indépendants – Morocco
Rassemblement National des Indépendants – Morocco
High Tech Hall A, 5th floor, Hay Ryad, Rabat, Morocco
Mr. Younes Abchir
Parti Démocratique Sénégalais – Senegal
The Parti Démocratique Sénégalais (PDS) is currently in power in Senegal. It was formed by Abdoulaye Wade at the time of electoral reform in 1974 as a distinctly liberal party. Wade ran for the presidency for the first time in 1978 and participated in every subsequent election until he was elected in 2000 with 58.5% of the popular vote. His election marked the end of 40 years of Socialist rule in Senegal.
President Wade is one of the founding members of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). In 2003 he was awared Liberal International’s Prize for Freedom, which is given annually to defenders of Human Rights.
During the National Assembly elections in April 2001 the PDS was joined by the Movement for the Labour Party to form SOPI (Coalition for Change). Together they won 49.6% of the vote and 89 of 120 seats. Follwing the presidential elections of 25 February 2007, Abdoulaye Wade was re-elected President of Senegal with 55.90% of the votes.
Parti Démocratique Sénégalais
Boulevard Dial Diop
BP No. 15488
Tel: +221 889 17 04
Fax: +221 842 84 25
PLC/DJ: Parti pour la Liberté et la Citoyenneté / Défar Jikoyi – Senegal
Parti pour la Liberté et la Citoyenneté/Defar Jikoyi (PLC/DJ) was legally registered in September 2008 and participated in the local elections of 22 March 2009, receiving over 8,000 votes and winning three seats on the Municipal Council in Mbour.
Alassane Ndao is the head of the party, and he has been involved in the politics and the trade union movement for the past 15 years.
139 zone résidentielle
Tel : +221775729009/+221339574517
Fax : +22139574517
Email : email@example.com
Union des Forces Démocratiques de Guinée (UFDG) was founded in October 2002 by the section of Union pour le Progrès et le Renouveau (UPR) which boycotted that year’s parliamentary election. Its first president was Mamadou Bâ. More recently the presidency of the party has been held by Cellou Dalein Diallo.
Diallo began his career as an economist at the Central Bank of Guinea before joining the government in July 1996 as Minister of Transport, Telecommunications and Tourism, and later Minister of Infrastructure. He also served as Minister of Public Works and Transport and subsequently Minister of Fisheries and Aquaculture before serving as Prime Minister under President Lansana Conté from December 2004 until April 2006.
Diallo was announced as the UFDG leader in November 2007. He participated in the massive opposition protests in Conakry on 28 September 2009 and was injured at the protest, breaking three ribs. He was subsequently barred from leaving the country for medical treatment, but soon afterwards he was flown to Dakar aboard the Senegalese presidential jet. He then went to Paris for treatment. Diallo stood for the UFDG in the Guinean presidential election, 2010, topping the poll in the first round with 43.69%. Although Sidya Touré and the UFR supported him in the second round, he was narrowly defeated with 47.48%, mainly as a result of a higher turnout (67.87% as opposed to 51.59%).
UFDG was admitted as a full member at the ALN General Assembly in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire in October 2012.
Union des Forces Démocratique de Guinée (UFDG)
Carrefour chinois à Belle vue école
Union des Forces Républicaines – Guinea
Union des Forces Républicaines (UFR) was founded in 1992. Its leader, Sidya Touré, served as Prime Minister under President Lansana Conté in from July 1996 until March 1999. Until his appointment, Touré was a respected technocrat, having previously held various positions in the IMF in Washington and in Ivorian parastatals. He served as Dr Alassane Ouattara’s Chief of Staff during his time as Prime Minister of Cote d’Ivoire. Touré comes from a minority ethnic group in Guinea and thus his party is able to transcend ethnic politics in Guinea.
Touré has been outspoken as an opposition leader, he called for a boycott of the December 2003 presidential election due to concerns that it would not be free and fair. Touré was charged with plotting to overthrow the government, and although he was released on bail, he was barred from politics and from travelling to other countries. In July 2004, he was cleared of the charges by an appeal court. In 2009, Touré criticised the junta leader, Moussa Dadis Camara, for planning to stand as a candidate in the January 2010 presidential election, and he participated in the major opposition protest in Conakry on 28 September 2009 at which the police fired on protesters. Touré rejected the junta’s offer of a national unity government, saying that the people were mourning the events and the priority was to determine who gave the order to open fire on the protesters.
Sidya Touré stood for the party in the Guinean presidential election, 2010, taking third place with 13% of the votes cast. He called for his supporters to vote for Cellou Dalein Diallo, the leader of UFDG, in the second round against incumbent, Alpha Condé. Diallo narrowly lost the second round vote but together the UFR, UFDG and their liberal allies hope to win legislative elections when they are finally called.
UFR was admitted as a full member at the ALN General Assembly in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire in October 2012.
Parti de l’Unité et du Libéralisme Social – Guinea
Le Parti de l’Unité et du Libéralisme Social (PULS) was founded in May 2008 following the wave of popular protest in Guinea which began in 2007. The leader of the party is Mr Alpha Mamadou Diallo.
The PULS advocates national unity, the establishment of the rule of law, continued dialogue between social groups, and the adoption of social liberalism as a model for development.
Walter Torres Hernandez
Parti de l’Unité et du Libéralisme Social
Parti Citoyen pour le Renouveau – Mali
Founded 9 July 2005, Parti Citoyen pour le Renouveau (PCR), was created by members of the Citizen’s Movement which supported the candidature of the current President of Mali, Amadou Toumani Touré (ATT).
The President of the PCR, Mr Ousmane Ben Fana Traoré, is an important figure in Mali. He has spearheaded different humanitarian actions:
-He led the students’ movement which contributed to the fall of the dictatorial regime of General Moussa Traoré
-He is the Director of a children’s centre
-He has campaigned for the release or accelerated trial of hundreds of political detainees
He was also one of the key figures in the establishment of the political movement which supported the election campaign of ATT. He is now an Advisor to the President of the Republic.
The PCR is a member of the largest Malian political grouping, the Alliance pour la Démocratie et le Progrès. It is also an observer of Liberal International. The party has one seat in Parliament.
Parti Citoyen pour le Renouveau – PCR
Quartier Hippodrome rue 230, porte 34
République du Mali
Tel : 0022366782162
Fax : 0022376105050
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Progressive People’s Party – Ghana
62 5th Crescent, Asylum Down, Accra, Ghana
Mr. Kofi Asamoah-Siaw
Tel: +233 2082 74852
Parti des Togolais – Togo
Parti des Togolais – Togo
Mr. Alberto G. Olympio
Mouvement Pour La Renaissance du Niger – Niger
772, Avenue Yantala Haut, Quartier Recasement, Commune Niamey I
Mr. Moumouni Mamane Hachimou
Mouvement Congolais pour la Démocratie et le Développement Intégral – Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Mouvement Congolais pour la Démocratie et le Développement Intégral – Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Case c 106 la glaciere, bacongo, brazzaville
Mr. Diagne Momar
Tel: 00242 06 945 78 26
Rassemblement des Républicains – Côte d’Ivoire
The Rassemblement des Républicains (RDR) is the main liberal party of Côte d’Ivoire, member of Liberal International, and a founding member of the Africa Liberal Network.
The RDR was established on the 27 September 1994. Its first Secretary-General, Djeni Kobina Georges, was elected during the constitutive assembly on the 1-2 July, 1995. After the death of Mr Djeni Kobina on the 19 October 1998, Prof Henriette Dagri Diabate was elected Secretary-General. Subsequently, Dr Alassane Dramane Ouattara was elected President of RDR on the 1 August 1999. Dr Ouattara was formerly Prime Minister of Côte d’Ivoire from 1990 to 1993 and subsequently served as Deputy Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund from 1994 to 1999.
After a prelonged exclusion from politics, Dr Ouattara was selected as the candidate of the Rassemblement des Houphouétistes pour la Démocratie et la Paix (RHDP) alliance of four major opposition candidates ahead of the Presidential elections. He won the second highest share of the vote in the first round, and was therefore put into a run-off against incumbent Laurent Gbagbo in November 2010. On 2 December 2010, it was announced that he had won the elections by 54% to 46% of the vote. This result was disputed by Gbagbo loyalists and conflict errupted in Cote d’Ivoire.
A true democrat, President Ouattara pursued a negotiated solution to the electoral crisis, agreeing to international arbitration. He worked with the African Union and United Nations to pursue a resolution to the dispute which accommodated the outgoing President, and he received the full support of the international community, including the UN Security Council. Following an extended impasse during which Gbagbo supporters attacked his own voters, he launched a triumphant return to Abidjan with the support of the Forces Républicains who captured the outgoing President Gbagbo in April 2011. Dr Ouattara was eventually inaugurated as President of the Republic of Cote d’Ivoire on 21 May 2011.
President Ouattara is now seeking to rebuild the country and attract investments along with partners from the RHDP. The RDR believes that economic security, good governance, and a better dialogue with civil society to build a social consensus for reforms should be the key concerns of policymakers in addition to sound macroeconomics policies and bold structural reforms. The RDR also believes that development rests on three pillars: good economic policy, a conductive legal and political environment, and attention to equitable social development. Finally, the RDR believes in the growth of a free society based on personal liberty, personal responsibility and social justice.
Rassemblement des Républicains
08 BP 2153
People’s Movement for Democratic Change – Sierra Leone
The People’s Movement for Democratic Change (PMDC) was formed in support of change in Sierra Leone following the 2005 Makeni Convention of the Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP). It became the third force in the politics of Sierra Leone.
The party was registered in April 2006, with Mr Charles Francis Margai selected as leader. He was instrumental in the founding of the party having challenged the leadership of the Sierra Leone People’s Party, and having resigned from his position as Minister for Internal Affairs, in the face of immense corruption.
In December 2006, the first party delegates conference was held in Bo, the second city of Sierra Leone, where the first National Executive was elected. In the 2007 General Elections, the party won 10 parliamentary seats.
12 Prince Street,
Off Circular Road,
William Tucker: email@example.com
Alliance Démocratique pour le Renouveau – Burundi
Alliance Démocratique pour le Renouveau-Urunani Rw’Imvugakuri (ADR) was founded in August 2008 by Mme Alice Nzomukunda, former Vice-President of the Republic and Vice-President of the National Assembly. She quit parliament the same year, denouncing the continued violation of human rights by the Government, and prefering to resign her personal privileges in order to create a political party which can advance the rule of law, democracy, and guaratee human liberty.
The other principal founding members of the ADR are Secretary-General, Hon. Evariste Ngendakumana (MP 1997-2005), Director of Campaigns, Hon. Mathias Basabose (expelled from Parliament in 2008), International Officer, Paul Mahwera (former Ambassador to Uganda), Director of Communications, Maître Onésime Kabayabaya.
The party pledges to uphold the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights, the Charter for National Unity, and other documents respecting human rights and liberties. They are determined to work to reconcile the Burundian people, and to actively contribute to the democratisation of Burundian society and institutions. They will fight impunity and work to re-establish law and order, so as to guarantee the development and prosperity of the Burundian people.
The party’s mission is to build a democratic society where each citizen takes responsibility for their matters, and all are guaranteed equality before the law. L’Alliance Démocratique pour le Renouveau is a party dedicated to democratic change.
Alliance Democratique pour le Renouveau-ADR
BP 3055 Bujumbura
Tel : +25779946421
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Mr Kumbu Ki-Lutete, a former assistant ambassador to the UN, established ANADER (l’Alliance Nationale des Démocrates pour la Reconstruction) in 1990. Mr. Ki-Lutete was President of ANADER until his death in January 2007. On 25 March 2007, Mr Kumbu Kumbel was elected new President of ANADER.
In 1997 Laurent Kabila overthrew Mobutu’s government (in power since 1965) and issued an executive order placing severe restrictions on the functioning of political parties. ANADER protested and along with other opposition parties demanded that these restrictions be repealed. After prolonged negitiations between the opposing camps, a poltical arrangement was negotiated and a transitional government and parliament of national unity was established with ANADER as one of the prominent parties. Mr Kumbu Ki-Lutete was appointed as third vice-president of the transition parliament.
ANADER has currently one member of Parliament.
Alliance Nationale des Démocrates pour la Reconstruction
Tel: +243 893 5737 or +32 24 7638 88 38 |
Fax: +32 23 76 86 74
Alliance pour le Renouveau du Congo – Democratic Republic of Congo
Alliance pour le Renouveau du Congo (ARC) was formed by a group of MPs ahead of the 2006 elections, among them the party leader, Olivier Kamitatu, who is the former President of the National Transitional Assembly.
ARC entered into a pre-electoral pact with RCDKML to form the “Forces pour du Renouveau” or Force for Renewal, and this coalition gained 900,000 votes during the 2006 elections. Together the alliance consists of 44 National Assembly members and 8 Senators, of these seats 28 in the National Assembly and 5 in the Senate were won directly by ARC.
The Party is currently aligned with the Majorité Présidentielle (AMP) which is the second political force in parliament. As a result, the members of ARC have been nominated as First Vice-President of the National Assembly and Second Vice-President of the Senate. The party also has representations in three different Ministries.
Emmanuel Leky Songo
Party HQ: Boulevard Triophal
Commune de Kasa-Vubu
Democratic Republic of Congo
Parti National pour la Réforme – DRC
Parti National pour la Réforme (PNR) was established in 2010 by Mr Delphin Bugigi Kyubwa in order to promote good governance, sustainable peace, prosperity and equality before the law.
The main objective of the PNR is to drive a revolution for fundamental reform in the DRC by Congolese joining the vision of the movement for political reforms. In doing so effectively, we need to democratically compete for power and exercise it responsibly for bringing needed reforms and improving the quality of life of the Congolese.
The PNR therefore aims to safeguard the territorial integrity, and the stability of democratically established institutions ; put an end to the culture of corruption, impunity, social injustice rooted in Congolese poverty ; promote respect for the common goods and establish the culture of work, merit, sacrifice, patriotism, positive competition and solidarity ; and promote talent, spirit of creativity, entrepreneurship and needed initiatives to build a strong competitive economy and a prosperous Congo.
We want to develop social welfare activities for widows and orphans of members or officers of public order who fell under the national flag ; build military hospitals and decent barracks housing for the women and men in uniform and ; and establish a scholarship system for those who have served under the national flag (regular army or popular self-defense forces).
Ultimately, PNR wants to eradicate selfishness and social divisions that make our country one of the poorest people of our world with the richest natural resources in our universe ; create jobs for eradicating social insecurity in Congo ; reform the army and security services to secure our borders and ensure the safety of persons and their properties; involve all Congolese to become cautious and work on bringing security in the country.
PNR was admitted as an observer member of the Africa Liberal Network at the General Assembly in Kinshasa in October 2011.
Union pour la Majorité Républicain – DRC
Union pour la Majorité Républicain (UMR) is a liberal party in Democratic Republic of Congo, led by Hon. Médard Mulangala Lwakabwanga, the rapporteur of the National Assembly’s Committee on Economics and Finance.
Médard Mulangala, was educated in Belgium before working for Citibank in Kinshasa, rising to Director of the subsidiary. He was appointed as a Cabinet Minister in 1990, where he assisted with the development, design and implementation of first money and foreign exchange marketplace in DRC, and export credit lines to mining and extractive companies, including Gécamines, the state-owned mining company. He served in the transition government as Minister for Petroleum, Minister for Land and Mines, and Minister for Industry and SME development.
Hon. Médard remained Congo during Kabila’s seizure of power, hoping the change of regime would bring about badly needed reforms. However, he quickly became disillusioned as corruption and political repression grew in the years after 1997. He was designated MP to the Transitional Parliament as a representative of the non-armed opposition. In 2005, Mulangala founded UMR, and in 2006 he was elected to the National Assembly with five other candidates returned for the party.
UMR advocates citizen-ownership schemes for businesses, equal rights for women, and universal education up to 15 years. It is campaigning for programme of national works to improve sanitation and guarantee the right to clean water. UMR has campaigned to support an international transparency and certification initiative for minerals (similar to the Kimberley Process for diamonds), and for this to be monitored in the Eastern Congo by the UN in conjunction with the DRC Government.
UMR is a member of the umbrella organisation, l’Union Sacrée pour l’Alternance, which is an umbrella grouping of opposition parliamentary parties and community groups and forms the third largest political structure within the opposition.
Civic United Front – Tanzania
The Civic United Front (CUF) was founded in 1992 after the Tanzanian constitution was changed to allow for a multiparty system. The party was formed from the merger of two underground opposition groups – one from the mainland (the Civic Movement) and the other from the island of Zanzibar (Kamahuru). The CUF stands for individual rights and equal opportunities and seeks to foster development whilst protecting the environment.
Under international pressure, Zanzibar held elections in 1995, in which the Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party came to power. CUF refused to accept the result, alleging that the vote had been rigged. Political turmoil and outbreaks of violence followed.
Presidential elections took place in Tanzania in October 2000 and the CUF candidate, Professor Ibrahim Lipumba, finished second with 16.3% of the vote. In the Parliamentary elections of the same year, CUF also ranked second, gaining 15 of the 269 seats. However these elections were marked by controversy over corruption among the leading party, and violence flared amid accusations of fraud. Many CUF supporters fled to Kenya after deadly clashes with police. Both parties signed a reconciliation agreement in October 2001.
Elections for the Zanzibar Presidency and House of Representatives took place on 30 October 2005. Seif Shariff Hamad placed second to incumbent Amani Abeid Karume, winning 46.07% of the vote. CUF won 19 of the 50 seats in the House of Representatives.
National elections were held on 14 December 2005. Professor Ibrahim Lipumba came second to CCM candidate Jakaya Kikwete, winning 11.68% of the vote. Out of the 232 National Assembly seats filled through direct election, CUF won 19.
In 2010 Presidential elections, CUF candidate Professor Ibrahim Lipumba finished third behind Chadema candidate, Dr Willibrod Slaa, and incumbent President Jakaya Kikwete (CCM). These elections were characterised by low voter turnout, with only 42% of the electorate voting, compared to 72% in 2005 elections. Despite this, CUF increased its representation in the National Assembly, winning 23 of the 239 seats available through direct election.
In Zanzibar, CUF Presidential candidate, Seif Sharif Hamad obtained 49% of the vote and was appointed as first Vice President in a Government of National Unity (GNU). The Cabinet now includes 7 CUF Ministers and one Minister without portfolio.
Civic United Front
P.O. Box 10979
Dar es Salaam
P.O. Box 3637
Tel: +255 22 286 0812 or +255 24 233 7446 |
Fax: +255 22 286 0812 or +255 24 223 7445
Ethiopian Democratic Party – Ethiopia
The Ethiopian Democratic Party (EDP) was established in 1998 by a group of young political activists disillusioned with the Marxist-Leninist narrative which has come to dominate Ethiopian politics. The party rejected the focus on ethnicity which came to define so many of its competitors and instead adopted a platform campaigning for individual and group rights. The party campaigns for a free market, private ownership of land, an independent judiciary, the observance of rule of law and human rights. It also actively supports the devolution of power to lower levels; however, advocates for Ethiopian regional government based on cultural rather than purely linguistic grounds.
For the 2005 elections, the EDP merged with Ethiopian Medhin Democratic Party and adopted a new name: UEDP-Medhin. This alliance worked to form a broader coalition with three other parties, named CUD or Kinijit, which eventually won 108 parliamentary seats. This was before the government instructed the Election Board to stop the counting, leading to allegations of vote rigging. When the results were finally announced, EDP ended up with 34 Members of Parliament. Since the 2010 elections, however, EDP has had no representation in the House of Representatives as the ruling party now controls 99.6% of the seats, i.e. 545 out of the 547.
The current President of the Ethiopian Democratic Party is Ato Lidetu Ayalew, notable for his contribution of a ‘Third Way’ to Ethiopian politics. He has authored two books on Ethiopian politics and the way forward, the most recent was entitled Medhilot, which means pragmatic politics, and effectively set the agenda for most of the 2010 election debate.
As a result of his political activities, Mr Lidetu Ayalew was arrested 6 times by the ruling party. Under party rules, he is eligible to serve two terms of two years each before making way for a new leader.
Ethiopian Democratic Party
House No. 10
Kirkos Kifle Ketema
P.O.Box : 101458
International Liaison: Mr Mushe Semu:email@example.com
KULMIYE is the governing party in Somaliland, a self-declared republic occupying the boundaries of the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. The country has pursued peaceful development since its citizens voted overwhelmingly in a referendum to secede from the union of Somalia.
There are only three major parties in Somaliland as legislation ensures that the parties do not split based on clan lines. KULMIYE is the party for Peace, Unity and Development and identifies strongly with liberal ideals on political and economic lines. KULMIYE participated in the workshop which led to the production of the Pan-African Liberal Manifesto in Addis Ababa and then joined the ALN as an observer member at the General Assembly in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire in October 2012.
In the 2003 presidential elections, the KULMIYE candidate Ahmed Mahamoud Silanyo won 42.1 % of the popular vote. He was defeated by Dahir Riyale Kahin by only 80 votes but accepted the result. In the 2010 presidential election, Silanyo and his running mate Abdirahman Saylici were more successful, defeating Kahin with 49.59% vote. In the last parliamentary elections held on 29 September 2005, the party won 34.1% of the vote and 28 out of 82 seats in the House of Representatives. No one party has a majority in the Upper Chamber, which is a House of Elders known as the Guurti.
HE Muse Bihi Abdi
Behind Hargeisa Orphanage Center,
Liberal Democratic Party – Sudan
The Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) was formed as a result of the merger of 4 liberal democratic parties, namely the Sudan Liberal Party, the Sudanese Democratic Movement, the Movement of New Democratic Forces (HAQ)-United Leadership and the Sudanese Democratic Party. It was founded on 4 September 2008 following the ratification of the declaration of unity.
The LDP has emerged at a crucial time in Sudan’s history. The founding members have all been active on the political scene for the past decade. The acting Chairwoman is Dr Mayada Abdalla Swar Eldahab, a registrar of psychiatry and a Member of the leadership of the Sudanese Doctors Committee.
Mr Mohamed S. Khatir
Liberal Democratic Party
30 Bashdar Street
Truth Federal Party – Sudan
Tel: +249 912 505 555
Orange Democratic Movement – Kenya
The Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) began life as a political grassroots movement formed to campaign against the constitutional referendum proposed in Kenya in 2005. It took its name from the fruit which was used on polling cards to represent a ‘no’ vote. At the forefront of the ODM was the Liberal Democratic Party of Raila Odinga, a Liberal International observer party.
ODM won the referendum, with 58.12% of Kenyans voting down the proposed constitution. Following the rejection of the constitution, President Mwai Kibaki proceeded to dismiss his entire cabinet, but refused to hold new elections until his mandate expired. During this time, ODM campaigned for a new, more representative constitution. Parliamentary and Presidential elections that took place in December 2007 were disputed by the population at large, and widespread violence occurred. Eventually, a Government of National Unity was formed with ODM leader, Raila Odinga, being awarded the newly-created position of Prime Minister. He was sworn in on 17 April 2008.
ODM remains the largest party in parliament with 99 seats, and has since successfully drawn-up a new constitution, which was approved in a referendum on 4 August 2010, and is currently being implemented. This document provides for the devolution of power to 47 counties; land reform; dual citizenship rights; a more independent judiciary, a strong bill of rights, and provisions for gender equality. The constitution also sets a ceiling of 20 ministers to be appointed from outside Parliament, ensures that the President can be impeached, and fixes election dates.
Orange Democratic Movement
PO Box 2478-00202
Rosemary Machua: firstname.lastname@example.org
South Sudan Liberal Youth Forum – South Sudan
Prior to the independence of the Republic of South Sudan on 9 July, members of ALN members, Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), hailing from Southern Sudan decided to take the initiative of establishing a new political entity under the name of the South Sudan Liberal Party (SSLP) on 1 October 2010. At their first General Assembly meeting on 17 December 2011, the members of SSLP decided that, in light of the limited political space and the strong desire of the youth to become involved in the res publica, the SLLP should transfer its activities to the South Sudan Liberal Youth Forum (SSLYF) until 2015.
The SSLYF campaigns to empower South Sudanese people through education, self-determination, and an open market economy; to maximize the life chances of every individual and guarantee the liberty to live without restrictions. SSLYF wants to build a Liberal Society in which every citizen of Southern Sudan shall possess liberty, property and security, and none shall be enslaved by poverty, ignorance or tyranny. The movement wants to build a country in which, under the protection of law, all citizens shall have the right to think, speak, write and to vote freely.
Power should be obtained through a just electoral system; autonomous institutions should ensure genuine self-government; and citizens should have effective voice in deciding the conditions in which they live and work.
The interim leadership is composed of party President, Mr. Simon Achien Majur, Vice-President, Mr. Bidali Henry, and Secretary-General, Mr. Peter Kuot Ngong.
Seychelles National Party – Seychelles
In 1992 a multiparty system was legalised in the Seychelles. The following year, three previously exisiting political movements: the Seychelles National Movement, the National Alliance Party and Parti Seselwa merged to create the United Opposition. In the first multi-party elections of 1993 the Opposition won 1 out of 34 seats (Wavel Ramkalawan took the seat). Following the elections, the alliance officially merged into one party and renamed itself the Seychelles National Party (SNP).
Ramkalawan ran for President in the 1998 elections and received 20% of the votes, then in 2001 he finished second with 44.9% of the votes. In the National Assembly elections held in December 2002, the SNP gained 42.6% of the votes and 11 out of 34 seats in Parliament.
In the last presidential elections of July 2006, Wavel Ramkalawan came second with 45.71% of the votes, and in the legislative elections of the same year, the SNP won 11 out of the 34 seats in parliament. The SNP kept the same number of seats during the May 2007 legislative elections.
Seychelles National Party
PO Box 81
Tel: +248 224 124
Fax: +248 225 151
CADALADA HORUMARINTA DIMUQRADIYADA IYO ISQADARINTA (CAHDI PARTY) – Somalia
CAHDİ PARTY is a modern, liberal party in Somalia and member of Africa Liberal Network.
The party was founded in 2012. It is led by Prof. Abdirahman Ibrahim. Based in Mogadishu, it has a justice and development platform.
H.E Prof Abdirahman Abdiqani İbrahim Bile.
Chairman of CAHDİ PARTY
H/Q km 4 Mogdisho Somalia
Street Maka Al mukarama, Mogadisho Somalia
Alliance Nationale pour les Comores – Comoros
Alliance Nationale pour les Comores (ANC) is led by Mr Mahamoudou Ali Mohamed, a successful businessman. The party actively campaigns to promote freedom of conscience and human dignity; the dissemination of culture and education; the development of free enterprise; the rule of law; equality of opportunity; individual responsibility; the development of family; decentralisation; solidarity between the people of the islands (Grande Comore, Anjouan and Mohéli), the right to a healthy environment and a duty to protect this.
ANC was formed in the run-up to the 2009 legislative elections which were flawed as a result of voters being paid by incumbent politicians. Of the 21 candidates contesting on the ANC ticket, only one from Anjouan went through to the second round; however, in 7 districts, the ANC came in third place. Some ANC candidates scored up to 35% of the popular vote in the legislative and 42% in the municipal elections.
In 2010, the ANC supported former President of the Assembly, Mr Said Dhoifir Bounou, as candidate for the 2010 Presidential elections. The Presidency alters between the three islands which make up the Comoros every four years and therefore the incumbent was ineligible to stand again. Mr Mahamoudou Ali Mohamed was one of three Vice-Presidents on the ticket but Mr Bounou came fifth in the primary which was held exclusively for voters from Mohéli island, therefore he did not proceed to the national elections which are reserved for the top three candidates.
Mr Mahamoudou Ali Mohamed
Boulevard du Karthala Hadoudja
BP 536 Moroni
Union des Comores
The Botwana Movement for Democracy (BMD) is the official opposition in Botswana.
The party was formed as a breakaway from the ruling Botswana Democratic Party in protest at the diminishing political space within the party and the country, rising levels of corruption and nepotism, and incursions on civil liberties.
While its roots can be traced back to the 2009 BDP congress in Kanye, and the Barataphathi faction of the ruling party, BMD built-up support from across the political spectrum when it was officially launched in March 2010, and is now the largest opposition party in the National Assembly.
BMD is committed to encouraging innovation, research and development, while maintaining a low taxation environment. Its members are committed to respecting human rights, inclusiveness and tolerance. They campaign for greater transparency, honesty and integrity among elected officials, and want to ensure the complete separation of party and state.
BMD wants to be a compelling alternative to the current regime and therefore believes in uniting the opposition parties under an Umbrella for Democratic Change. As a result, BMD is cooperating with the Botswana National Front and the Botswana People’s Party in the National Assembly ahead of the 2014 elections.
Rasina Winfred Rasina
Tel: +267 3953930
Fax: +267 3953931
Mobile: +267 71886794 / +267 73886794
Emails: email@example.com / firstname.lastname@example.org
Botswana Movement for Democracy
P. O. Box 2410, Gaborone, Botswana
Plot No. 515, Extension 4, Southring Road
The Democratic Alliance (DA) was formed in an effort to consolidate the opposition parties in South Africa and create an effective opposition to the ANC. The DA focuses on service delivery and its policy concentrates on human rights, the environment and limiting the power of the state through clearly defining the line between the ruling party and government and devolving the decision making power to the lowest possible level.
The DA has been the official opposition in South Africa since 1999. In the National Assembly elections in April 2009, the DA received 16.6% of the vote and won 67 seats in the National Assembly. This saw the DA gain over a million more votes than during the April 2004 elections, when the party received 12.4% of the vote and won 50 seats.
At a regional level, the DA also grew in eight out of South Africa’s nine provinces, increasing the total number of seats held by the party in provincial legislatures from 51 in 2004, to 65 in 2009. The party is now represented by at least two members in every legislature.
The DA won an outright majority (51.5%) on the Western Cape provincial ballot and a majority in the legislature (22 out of the 42 seats). Its growth in this province has been significant, not just in the 2009 election but in the 2004 election that preceded it. In 2004 the DA grew by 124% or 235,649 votes to 27.1%. In 2009 it exceeded even that, growing by 138% or 587,736 votes and capturing in excess of 1 million votes in the province.
The present leader of the Democratic Alliance is Premier of the Western Cape, Helen Zille, who took over from Tony Leon in May 2006. Zille was voted World Mayor of the Year in 2008 while serving as mayor of Cape Town, South Africa’s second largest city. In the National Assembly, the party is led by Athol Trollip MP. The Democratic Alliance’s chairperson is Joe Seremane, the party’s federal chairperson is James Selfe MP. The International Liaison for the party is Stevens Mokgalapa MP.
The Democratic Alliance
PO Box 1475
Tel: +27 (0) 21 465 1431
EDP – Ethiopia
Forum for Democratic Devolution – Malawi
Forum for Democratic Devolution (FDD) was formed in response to calls for more power to be handed to the regions in Malawi ahead of the next elections in 2014. A group of prominent opposition politicians united to fight for change to the governance system under the banner of FDD. Its members campaign against the centralisation of power by the President and instead advocate a three-tier system, National, Provincial, and Local Assemblies. FDD invites other opposition parties to join it in advocating for the decentralisation of power, as this is the most effective means to empower the people of Malawi to make decisions on issues that affect them while leaving Members of Parliament to focus on their role in scrutinising legislation.
The Founding President of FDD is Clement Stambuli, is a former newspaper editor who was elected to Parliament in 1995 and served as a Government Minister from 1999-2004.
Forum For Democratic Devolution
United Party for National Development – Zambia
The United Party for National Development (UPND) was formed in December 1998 by Anderson Mazoka. In the Presidential elections of December 2001, Mr Mazoka finished in second place with 27.2% of the vote. In May 2006, Mr Mazoka died and a lengthy process ensued to elect a new leader. Hakainde Hichilema was elected as the new leader of the party in the summer of 2006.
The party won six local by-elections prior to November 2000. They then went on to win 49/159 seats (32%) in the 2001 national elections, which made them the second largest party in Zambia. Their campaign focused on issues of access to free education and healthcare.
Unlike the 2001 elections, the 2006 elections saw fewer political parties and Presidential candidates contest the elections. This time around, the United Party for National Development competed in the election as a solid force in the United Democratic Alliance (UDA), a consortium of three political parties that includes the country’s oldest political party founded by Zambia’s first President Dr. Kenneth Kaunda – the United National Independence Party (UNIP). The other party in the alliance is the Forum for Democracy and Development (FDD).
The UPND Presidential candidate, Hakainde Hichilema, came third with 26.76% of the vote. The Alliance also managed to win 26 out of the 150 Parliamentary seats, mainly in the Southern region, the UPND stronghold. This was less than in the 2001 elections when UPND got 49 seats, UNIP 13 and FDD 12 seats.
United Party for National Development
PO Box 38032
Tel: +260 1262 703 or +260 9777 0935
Fax: +260 1260 133
MFM – Madagascar
The MFM (Mpitolona ho amin’ny Fandrosoan’i Madagasikara) was created in December 1972 by the first generation of Madagascan university graduates. The country subsequently went through a period of decolonisation, and between 1975 and 1989 the MFM supported the democratisation of Madagascar. The party continues to pursue the adoption of a liberal constitution.
During the Presidential Elections of December 2001 and 2007 the MFM did not put forward a candidate. However, in April 2009, Rakotonirina Manandafy was nominated Prime Minister by President Marc Ravalomanana, following a proposal by Malagasy senators and deputies.
The MFM are part of l’Alliance Libérale Démocrate, which has been pursuing a peaceful settlement of the political crisis in Madagascar through a consensual process involving all Malagasy political stakeholders. The MFM has supported this recent proposal in an attempt to promote reconciliation, and encourage a return to democracy and the rule of law. The MFM therefore supports the immediate restoration of the constitutional order by means of a politically inclusive agreement.
Militants pour le Progrès de Madagascar
Appartements 42 et 44
Tel: +261 32 02 727 72 | +261 32 07 563 94 | +261 20 24 375 60
Box 2999, Manzini, Swaziland, Code no. m200
Mr. Sibusiso Busibheki Dlamini
Tel: +268 76283926